In the late 1960s, UN Organizations started relying increasingly on costly Electronic Data Processing (EDP) equipment. Instead of purchasing their own equipment and anticipating major economies of scale, the three founders of ICC, namely the United Nations (UN), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the World Health Organization (WHO), joined forces to put in place a shared Electronic Data Processing (EDP) facility. Pursuant to General Assembly Resolution 2741 (XXV) of 17 December 1970. ICC was created as an inter-organization facility to provide a common EDP.
ICC has established a hosting agreement with the World Health Organization. As Host Organization, WHO provides administrative services concerning personnel, legal, financial and other matters, to ICC. ICC thus operates in accordance with WHO Financial and Staff Regulations and Rules, albeit some of these have been adapted, in agreement with the Host Organization, to take into account the special needs of ICC.
Owing to the sensitivity of the information they dealt with, the three founders opted for the creation of a shared facility within the UN family rather than rely on a private EDP service. Although they decided to share equipment, the founding Organizations requested ICC to ensure that each of them would only be given access to its own data.